Macular Degeneration Specialist

Grochmal Eye Center

Ophthalmology located in Catonsville, MD

Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in Americans 50 years of age and older. Some treatments may be able to prevent or slow down the progression of the disease and save your vision. Grochmal Eye Center in Baltimore, serving the Washington, DC, metro area, specializes in the diagnosis and management of macular degeneration and can provide the eye care you need. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Jay C. Grochmal, MD, or a member of his team, call the office or request an appointment online today.

Macular Degeneration Q & A

What is macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration also referred to as age-related macular degeneration, is a progressive eye condition that affects your macula. The macula is found in your retina and is responsible for sharp central vision. 

Damage to your macula leads to blurry or distorted vision. Macular degeneration may not lead to complete blindness, but can affect your central vision, which may affect your ability to see faces, drive, read, and write.

There are two types of macular degeneration:

Non-neovascular macular degeneration

Non-neovascular macular degeneration also referred to as dry macular degeneration, is the most common type and is a degenerative condition that progresses slowly.

Neovascular macular degeneration

Also referred to as wet macular degeneration, neovascular macular degeneration may be less common but develops quickly. This type of macular degeneration is caused by abnormal blood vessels that form under your retina and within your macula and leak, damaging the tissue.

Grochmal Eye Center performs a comprehensive eye exam during your visit to the office and performs special tests to detect macular degeneration. 

What are the symptoms of macular degeneration?

In the early stages, your macular degeneration symptoms may only affect one eye, and you may not even be aware of the changes. This is why it’s crucial that you get regular comprehensive eye exams, even if you don’t wear glasses.

Symptoms of macular degeneration include:

  • Small blind spots in your central vision
  • Blurry vision
  • Straight objects appear wavy or distorted
  • Difficulty recognizing colors in dark and light tones
  • Loss of visual activity

If you’re experiencing any vision changes, contact Grochmal Eye Center to schedule an eye exam. Identifying eye conditions like macular degeneration in the early stages may help prevent damage that leads to blindness.

Am I at risk of macular degeneration?

Macular degeneration is often associated with the aging population, but it can develop as early as age 40. You may be at risk if the eye condition runs in your family or you’re a smoker. 

What are the treatments for macular degeneration?

Treatment for macular degeneration depends on the type and stage of your eye condition. Grochmal Eye Center develops individualized treatment plans to slow down the progression of the disease.

For dry macular degeneration, vitamin therapy and vision aids may help. For wet macular degeneration, injecting medication into your vitreous cavity that clears up the abnormal blood vessels to improve eyesight is a common course of action.

For a comprehensive eye examination that includes checking for macular degeneration, contact Grochmal Eye Center by phone or online today.