Grochmal Eye Center has been treating and serving patients throughout the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. metro area for over 30 years. we specialize in LASIK, Cataract surgery, and Glaucoma procedures. Whatever your eye care need, you can be assured you’re getting the best care from a highly trained ophthalmologist and eye surgeon. To better understand the best options for vision care, it can be helpful to understand the very basics on how your eyes see, and the three most common problems that often need correction. At Grochmal Eye Center, we’ll carefully diagnose your particular eye issues, and provide you with the best options for vision care that best fit your lifestyle, whether it’s contact lenses, eye glasses or LASIK.
How The Eye Sees
When light rays hit the eye they pass through the cornea (window of the eye) and are focused on one point, the retina. Refractive errors occur when the cornea is shaped irregularly and the light is not directed properly on the retina.
Myopia (nearsightedness) occurs when the cornea is too steep and the light rays focus on a point before the retina. Near vision will be clearer than distance vision. Distance visions starts to fade in adolescent years, and is eventually lost in the early twenties.
Hyperopia (farsightedness) occurs when the cornea is too flat and the light rays focus on a point behind the retina. In this instance, distance vision is clearer than near vision. Mild hyperopia can be accommodated for without glasses, but higher degrees need glasses or contact lenses for correction
Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is not round like a basketball, but is shaped more like a football. As light rays pass through the cornea, they cannot focus on a single point. Some degree of myopia or hyperopia is also usually present with astigmatism, so both errors will need to be corrected.
Specialty Lenses – There are a number of contact lens options available for patients including toric lenses for astigmatism, bifocal lenses (soft and rigid gas permeable) for those patients needing correction for both distance and near vision, and monovision lenses when is need when one eye is corrected for distance and the other is corrected for near vision.
LASIK is an acronym for Laser Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis, which mean “to use a laser to shape the cornea.” It corrects vision by reshaping the cornea (outer window of the eye) so the light rays focus more precisely on the retina, thereby reducing or eliminating refractive errors. Lasik can be used to treat and correct various vision problems, including myopia, hyperopia, and astigmarism.