What Conditions Require Oculoplastic Surgery?

Oculoplastic surgery — also called ophthalmic plastic surgery —  is a branch of ophthalmology focused on plastic and reconstructive surgery of the area surrounding your eyes. This includes your eyelids, eye sockets, tear ducts, face, and forehead.

Here at Grochmal Eye Center and Aesthetics, Dr. Jay C. Grochmal, MD, and our team specialize in oculoplastic surgery for both cosmetic and medical purposes.

Below, we share what conditions benefit from oculoplastic surgery.

1. Ptosis 

Ptosis is better known simply as droopy upper eyelids. Ptosis can make you seem older and more tired in appearance — even if you’re not. Ptosis doesn’t just cause cosmetic concerns though. Severe drooping can even interfere with your vision. Oculoplastic surgery, specifically an upper eyelid lift, can restore clear vision (by removing loose skin) and enhance the appearance of your eyes by removing excess skin and pulling your skin taut.

2. Entropion and ectropion

If your eyelids turn inward (known as entropion) or outward (known as ectropion), you might benefit from oculoplastic surgery. Entropion causes your eyelashes to rub on your eye, while ectropion exposes your eye, causing dryness and irritation. 

Surgery to correct conditions such as entropion and ectropion might have both cosmetic and medical benefits. For example, if your eyelashes turn in and rub against your eye, it might affect the appearance of your eye, but it also causes physical discomfort. Oculoplastic surgery can address both of these issues.

3. Tumors or growths 

Oculoplastic surgery can also be used to remove skin cancers, tumors, and other growths around the delicate eye area.

4. Tear duct problems 

Tear duct problems, such as a blocked tear duct, don’t always need surgery. For example, you might clear a clogged duct with massage and/or medications to clear an infection. However, if your tear duct problems don’t resolve with conservative treatment, oculoplastic surgery might be the right solution for you. Dacryocystorhinostomy is one example of surgeries used to treat tear duct problems.

5. Eye problems that result from other medical conditions

Sometimes problems around the eye are caused by other conditions. For example, a thyroid disease, Graves disease, can cause eye problems. This includes itchy eyes, double vision, and eyes that seem to bulge out.

Bell palsy is another health condition that can cause problems with the eyelids, specifically weak eyelids. Injuries and birth defects may also affect the eye area.

6. Cosmetic concerns

Finally, oculoplastic surgery can correct cosmetic concerns, such as:

Depending on the type of surgery you have and the reason for your surgery, any incisions will be hidden either beneath your lower lashes or in the creases of your eyelids.

To learn more about oculoplastic surgery (for either cosmetic or medical reasons), feel free to book an appointment here at Grochmal Eye Center. You can reach us at 410-744-5310 or online.

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