Treatment Options for Glaucoma

Glaucoma, which is the second leading cause of blindness, is a group of eye conditions in which your optic nerve is damaged by unusually high pressure in your eye. Because optic nerve damage isn’t reparable, once this nerve is damaged, it can lead to permanent vision loss. 

Thankfully, however, glaucoma treatments can reduce pressure, improve fluid drainage in your eye, and potentially stop optic nerve damage. Dr. Jay C. Grochmal, MD, and our team here at Grochmal Eye Center and Aesthetics offer several treatment options for glaucoma, and we’ll explore them in-depth in this blog.

Non-surgical treatments for glaucoma

Prescription eye drops are an option for treating glaucoma. They work to decrease eye pressure by either reducing fluid production or by improving how the fluid drains in your eyes. Examples of prescription eye drops for glaucoma include:

These are just a few examples of prescription eye drops; oral medication is another option. Dr. Grochmal will recommend the appropriate type of eye drops or oral medication based on your specific needs and what type of glaucoma you have.

Eye drops and oral medications aren’t your only non-surgical treatment, though. We also offer selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT), which combats glaucoma by improving fluid drainage. As a bonus, you don’t need to continue with other types of treatment if you opt for SLT, which can help you avoid unwanted side effects of prescription eye drops.

Surgical treatments for glaucoma

While non-surgical treatments are often suggested first, sometimes the pros of surgery far outweigh the cons. Surgery can potentially save your optic nerve and your vision.

Just like there are many types of prescription medications, there are also several surgical treatments used to treat glaucoma. We offer the following three surgeries here at Grochmal Eye Center include:

1. Drainage implants

Drainage implants reduce the pressure in your eye by facilitating the outflow of fluid via a shunt.  Our two drainage implants include:

These are placed during a surgical procedure.

2. Goniotomy

To understand goniotomy, let’s first learn about a part of your eye called the trabecular meshwork. This is tissue in your eye, and it’s located around the base of your cornea. Its primary function is to help drain the aqueous humor from your eye via the anterior chamber. During a goniotomy, we create a small opening in this meshwork to help improve drainage. 

3. Endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP)

In addition to goniotomy and drainage implants, glaucoma is also treated with lasers. ECP relies on the power of laser energy to decrease fluid production in your eye for people. 

Because glaucoma can irrevocably damage your optic nerve, don’t delay treatment. We know the thought of eye surgery can be daunting, but our team of experts are experienced in diagnosing and treating glaucoma.  Book your appointment today, and we’ll be happy to explore all of your options with you. You can reach us at 410-744-5310 or via our website.

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